使用dcoker快速启动nginx

创建nginx挂载目录

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mkdir -p ~/nginx/html ~/nginx/logs ~/nginx/conf
cd ~/nginx/
touch html/index.html
touch conf/default.conf
echo 'hello world' > html/index.html

命令的参数:

  • -p (–parents):可以是一个路径名称。此时若路径中的某些目录尚不存在,加上此选项后,系统将自动建立好那些尚不存在的目录,即一次可以建立多个目录;
  • www: 目录将映射为 nginx 容器配置的虚拟目录。
  • conf: 目录里的配置文件将映射为 nginx 容器的配置文件。

编辑 default.conf 如下:

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vim ~/nginx/conf/default.conf
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server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;
#access_log /var/log/nginx/host.access.log main;

location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

运行nginx镜像

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docker container run -d --name mynginx -p 80:80 -v $PWD/html:/usr/share/nginx/html -v $PWD/conf:/etc/nginx/conf.d nginx
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